French Canadian Homestead, an agricultural complex in Saint-Prime circa 1890.

Photographer: Jules-Ernest Livernois

Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec

A history of cheese

This cheese dairy was designed and equipped according to the government standards at the time. It is counted amongst 1 226 cheese factories that were found in Québec at the end of the 19th century. In total, 95% of the production was sold in England.

Between 1900 and 1904, Canada exports close to 100 million kilos of cheese per year. Cheddar is the fourth product in Canadian exportation after fur, dried cod and lumber. Being connected to the agricultural history, the cheese industry contributed significantly to the development of all the regions of Québec.

Ground floor First floor